Dr. Rogers' purpose in this study is the identification of a philosophical paradigm for a Philosophy of Education that is appropriate for accomplishing citizenship education in multicultural contexts. Chapter One provides a historical overview of the field of Philosophy of Education, designed to highlight what philosophers and educators through the ages have identified as the basic goal or purpose of education-citizenship education, that is, the education of individuals prepared to participate and contribute in meaningful ways to their society. Chapter Two provides an overview of the current state and needs of our educational system given its existing and growing multicultural nature, focusing especially on the kind of training teachers at all levels need if they are to accomplish citizenship education in a multicultural context. Chapter Three provides a discussion of what Critical Realism is and demonstrates how and why it is an appropriate paradigm for accomplishing citizenship education in multicultural contexts.
Medical Education needs to be understood as a continuous process, where professional know-how is an ever-changing synthesis of different types of knowledge, integrating experience, practice and rigorous scientific studies. And it is because of this need that specific national programmes of continuing medical education (CME) have been institutionalised already for several decades now. In these programmes too, the progressive diffusion of the new information and communication technologies (ICTs), particularly the mobile ones, has had and is still having its effects; indeed training schemes based on e-learning and more generally on Technology-Enhanced Learning are more and more widespread. However, there is another fundamental kind of dynamics governing continuing training processes, and that is peer professional knowledge sharing. This often uses various, decidedly more informal, channels which are nowadays hugely potentiated by the networks and mobile technologies (NMTs). But just because they are informal and often based on social networks managed in a restricted group, the experience and methods of these networked communities of professionals often remain unknown within the general CME context. By gathering together important contributions from leading international experts in the field, this book will try to show: (1) how NMTs foster and potentiate formal, non-formal and informal learning processes in the CME context; b) what the possible role of professional social networks in the CME context is; c) how informal learning processes characterised by horizontal (peer-to-peer) knowledge flows can be integrated with more formal ones centred on vertical knowledge flows (ie: flows from authoritative sources to potential users); d) how the learning achieved by informal processes can be assessed in order that credits can be awarded to it within the national CME framework. This book is a valuable tool and source of knowledge for all those directly and indirectly interested in CME processes and in particular in the informal ones centred on the use of social media and mobile technology. Principal audiences for this book are researchers in continuing education and lifelong learning, health institutions, educational institutions, educational managers, policy-makers, CME national agencies.
Institutions of higher education are keen to improve teachers' intercultural experiences, communication, and understanding, but offer few resources for bringing the research literature to direct application in teacher education programs. This volume addresses that gap by examining what intercultural exchanges in teacher education look like, why they are important, and how they can be maintained. The authors examine how socio-cultural beliefs, institutional structures, and external accreditation bodies interact in the process of interculturalization, highlighting the incentives and barriers as well as strategies to implement and maintain interculturalization projects.
Highlighting pragmatic examples, this book addresses the challenges and benefits of interculturalization that can be applied to teacher education programs from both a theoretical and practitioner perspective.
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