A form of terrorism that is receiving increased attention is human rights abuses on the part of individual states. This study, written by specialists from several countries, attempts to define the parameters of state terrorism, analyze its causes, and identify the types of data and methods needed for policy-relevant research. It focuses on state use of acts of terror to intimidate, pacify, coerce, or destroy whole populations, groups, or classes of citizens. The problems encountered in the study of state terrorism, particularly in the areas of definition and measurement and in the difficulty of obtaining complete and reliable data, are first discussed. The political origins of state violence and the mechanisms that sustain it are traced in a theoretical analysis, and the relation of national security ideology to the imposition of terrorist measures is explored. The forms of state terrorism and repression encountered in the Third World are considered next. Other topics covered include genocide, terrorism and counterterrorism in the context of democratic society, and the international terrorist impact of superpower politics. Finally, the prospects of bringing state terrorism under the control of international law are assessed.
The text that professors trust to get students thinking analytically about American government now includes new content on how race, gender, and group identity intersect with political behavior and institutions. And, leading scholars have contributed new Analyzing the Evidence features that engage students with the questions and methods that political students use themselves.The 2014 Election Update editions include results and analysis from the 2014 election results as well as updated discussions of other important political developments, such as Obama s executive orders on immigration and the new limits on the filibuster. In addition, many figures and tables have been updated with the latest data."
Can the UK survive widespread dissatisfaction in both Scotland and England with the financing of public spending by Scotland's parliament? This timely book explains how fiscal autonomy could raise economic growth and efficiency in Scotland - to the benefit of both Scotland and the rest of the United Kingdom. The authors discuss how other reform proposals - which amount to cutting Scotland's block grant - would fail as they would not be seen in Scotland as legitimate. They conclude that fiscal autonomy would be accepted as it reduces Scotland's democratic deficit in public spending, and would go a long way toward reducing vertical and horizontal imbalances in the UK.
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